The Invisible Wound
(February 1, 2010)
|ELLSWORTH AIR FORCE BASE, S.D. (1/26/2010 - AFNS) -- In a scene from the movie "Patton," Army Gen. George S. Patton, played by George C. Scott, encounters a Soldier at a field hospital who is suffering from the emotional stress of the battlefield. Instead of trying to understand the Soldier's problem, General Patton physically assaults the young man, calls him a coward and literally runs him out of the hospital.|
For many veterans, the scene from "Patton" was the harsh reality they faced when dealing with what has come to be called post traumatic stress disorder, said Sheri Mommerency, the 28th Medical Group and signature performance wounded warrior case manager and registered nurse. Before PTSD was recognized as a medical disorder, many servicemembers were regarded as cowards when they came forward with their feelings of trauma.
PTSD is defined as an anxiety disorder that can occur after the person involved witnesses or experiences an event that is traumatic to them.
"Typically, PTSD can occur when a traumatic event occurs that upsets an individual's personal world," Ms. Mommerency said. "A person may not even be a part of the traumatic event. PTSD can occur from witnessing or hearing about something horrifying to the individual."
Airmen suffering from PTSD may exhibit signs of social isolation, substance abuse, anger, conflict or pain, marital and family problems and health and behavioral problems.
The symptoms of PTSD are not always immediately apparent and sometimes they take months to manifest themselves, Ms. Mommerency said.
"My husband was very secluded when he returned from deployment," said the spouse of an Airman with PTSD who asked not to be identified for privacy reasons. "He told me that he didn't know how to feel things anymore."
Some Airmen experience hyper-vigilance, where they find themselves reliving the place and time their traumatic event occurred.
They may also have difficulty relating to normal, everyday situations, Ms. Mommerency said.
Because of what they've experienced, Airmen sometimes feel detached to the problems and issues people face on a day-to-day basis.
According to Ms. Mommerency, if left undiagnosed and untreated, PTSD can have a significant impact on an Airman's personal and professional life. To avoid this, she encourages Airmen to be completely honest when filling out the Post-Deployment Health Assessment and the Post-Deployment Health Re-Assessment after they return from a deployed location.
"My husband was worried he would lose his job or be singled out for having PTSD," the Airman's spouse said. "All he wanted to do was help further the mission."
However, in order for Airmen to further the mission they need to be fit to fight, both physically and mentally.
"We want to provide our Airmen with the best possible care they can get," said Lt. Col. John Lynch, the 28th MDG chief of staff. "But, we can't do that if they feel mistrustful of the very system that is designed to help them."
The Airman's spouse said if they had sought help sooner, it would have spared a great deal of pain and suffering her husband endured.
Ms. Mommerency, a former combat veteran, said she feels passionately about the care wounded Airmen receive when returning from a deployment.
She acts as a liaison for Airmen returning from deployment who are wounded, and provides the information and resources necessary for Airmen to get the care they need. That care and treatment can mean the difference between a fast reintegration into society or unnecessary strain on the lives of Airmen.
"For people to assimilate back into society we need to recognize that these are true feelings they have," she said. "The anger that comes with what they've experienced, the social isolation, the family issues, substance abuse and suicidal tendencies can all be treated if Airmen come forward and get the help they need right away."
Community awareness is a large part of helping Airmen with PTSD readjust once they are back home, Ms. Mommerency said. Having that strong network available can make all the difference to an Airman that is already feeling isolated from their friends and family.
If Airmen come forward and are diagnosed early, it can start them on the road to recovery much faster than if they wait, Ms. Mommerency said. That timing can possibly prevent Airmen from becoming a danger to themselves or others.
For more information about PTSD, visit the National Center for PTSD at www.ptsd.va.gov.
|Airman 1st Class Jarad A. Denton|
28th Bomb Wing Public Affairs
Reprinted from Air Force News Service
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