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Medal of Honor Recipients
Civil War (S)

SACRISTE, LOUIS J.

Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, Company D, 116th Pennsylvania Infantry. Place and date: At Chancellorsville, Va., 3 May 1863. At Auburn, Va., 14 October 1863. Entered service at: Philadelphia, Pa. Born: 15 June 1843, New Castle County, Del. Date of issue: 3I January 1889.

Citation... Saved from capture a gun of the 5th Maine Battery. Voluntarily carried orders which resulted in saving from destruction or capture the picket line of the 1st Division, 2d Army Corps.

SAGELHURST, JOHN C.

Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company B, 1st New Jersey Cavalry. Place and date: At Hatchers Run, Va., 6 February 1865. Entered service at: Buffalo, N.Y. Birth: Buffalo, N.Y. Date of issue: 3 January 1906.

Citation... Under a heavy fire from the enemy carried off the field a commissioned officer who was severely wounded and also led a charge on the enemy's rifle pits.

SANCRAINTE, CHARLES F.

Rank and organization: Private, Company B, 15th Michigan Infantry. Place and date: At Atlanta, Ga., 22 July 1864. Entered service at: Monroe, Mich. Born: 1840, Monroe, Mich. Date of issue: 25 July 1892.

Citation... Voluntarily scaled the enemy's breastworks and signaled to his commanding officer in charge; also in single combat captured the colors of the 5th Texas Regiment (C.S.A.).

SANDERSON, AARON

Rank and organization: Landsman, U.S. Navy. Entered service at: Philadelphia, Pa. Birth: North Carolina. G.O. No.: 59, 22 June 1865.

Citation... Served on board the U.S.S. Wyandank during a boat expedition up Mattox Creek, 17 March 1865. Participating with a boat crew in the clearing of Mattox Creek, L/man Anderson carried out his duties courageously in the face of a devastating fire which cut away half the oars, pierced the launch in many places and cut the barrel off a musket being fired at the enemy.

SANDS, WILLIAM

Rank and organization: First Sergeant, Company G, 88th Pennsylvania Infantry. Place and date: At Dabney's Mills, Va., 6_7 February 1865. Entered service at: Reading, Pa. Birth: Reading, Pa. Date of issue: 9 November 1893.

Citation... Grasped the enemy's colors in the face of a deadly fire and brought them inside the lines.

SANFORD, JACOB

Rank and organization: Private, 55th Illinois Infantry. Place and date: At Vicksburg, Miss., 22 May 1863. Entered service at: Prairie City, Ill. Birth: Fulton County, Ill. Date of issue: 2 September 1893.

Citation... Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party."

SARGENT, JACKSON

Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company D, 5th Vermont Infantry. Place and date: At Petersburg, Va., 2 April 1865. Entered service at: Stowe, Vt. Birth: Stowe, Vt. Date of issue: 28 October 1891.

Citation... First to scale the enemy's works and plant the colors thereon.

SARTWELL, HENRY

Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company D, 123d New York Infantry. Place and date: At Chancellorsville, Va., 3 May 1863. Entered service at: Ft. Ann, N.Y. Birth: Ticonderoga, N.Y. Date of issue: 17 November 1896.

Citation... Was severely wounded by a gunshot in his left arm, went half a mile to the rear but insisted on returning to his company and continue to fight bravely until he became exhausted from the loss of blood and was compelled to retire from the field.

SAUNDERS, JAMES

Rank and organization: Quartermaster, U.S. Navy. Born: 1809, Massachusetts. Accredited to: Massachusetts. G.O. No.: 59, 22 June 1865.

Citation... Served as quartermaster on board the U.S.S. Kearsarge when she destroyed the Alabama off Cherbourg, France, 19 June 1864. Carrying out his duties courageously throughout the bitter engagement, Saunders was prompt in reporting damages done to both ships, and it is testified to by Commodore Winslow that he is deserving of all commendation, both for gallantry and for encouragement of others in his division.

Medal of Honor was given posthumously. SAVACOOL, EDWIN F.

Rank and organization: Captain, Company K, 1st New York (Lincoln) Cavalry. Place and date: At Sailors Creek, Va., 6 April 1865. Entered service at: Marshall, Mich. Born: 1835, Jackson, Mich. Date of issue: 24 April 1865.

Citation... Capture of flag, during which he was wounded and died several days later in Washington, D.C.

SAVAGE, AUZELLA

Rank and organization: Ordinary Seaman, U.S. Navy. Born: 1846, Maine. Accredited to: Massachusetts. G.O. No.: 59, 22 June 1865.

Citation... On board the U.S.S. Santiago de Cuba in the assault on Fort Fisher, 15 January 1865. When the landing party to which he was attached charged on the fort with a cheer, and the determination to plant the colors on the ramparts, Savage remained steadfast when more than two_thirds of the marines and sailors fell back in panic during the fight. When enemy fire shot away the flagstaff above his hand, he bravely seized the remainder of the staff and brought his colors safely off.

SAXTON, RUFUS

Rank and organization: Brigadier General, U.S. Volunteers. P/ace and date: At Harpers Ferry, W. Va., 26 to 30 May 1862. Entered service at: Deerfield, Mass. Birth: Greenfield, Mass. Date of issue: 25 April 1893.

Citation... Distinguished gallantry and good conduct in the defense.

SCANLAN, PATRICK

Rank and organization: Private, Company A, 4th Massachusetts Cavalry. P/ace and date: At Ashepoo River, S.C., 24 May 1864. Entered service at: Spencer, Mass. Birth: Ireland. Date of issue: 21 January 1897.

Citation... Volunteered as a member of a boat crew which went to the rescue of a large number of Union soldiers on board the stranded steamer Boston, and with great gallantry assisted in conveying them to shore, being exposed during the entire time to a heavy fire from a Confederate battery.

SCHEIBNER, MARTIN E.

Rank and organization: Private, Company G, 90th Pennsylvania Infantry. Place and date: At Mine Run, Va., 27 November 1863. Entered service at: Berks County, Pa. Born: 13 October 1840, Russia. Date of issue: 23 June 1896.

Citation... Voluntarily extinguished the burning fuse of a shell which had been thrown into the lines of the regiment by the enemy.

SCHENCK, BENJAMIN W.

Rank and organization: Private, Company D, 116th Illinois Infantry. Place and date: At Vicksburg, Miss., 22 May 1863. Entered service at: Maroa, Ill. Birth: Butler County, Ohio. Date of issue: 14 August 1894.

Citation... Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party.

SCHILLER, JOHN

Rank and organization: Private, Company E, 158th New York Infantry. Place and date: At Chapins Farm, Va., 29 September 1864. Entered service at: New York, N.Y. Birth: Germany. Date of issue: 6 April 1865.

Citation... Advanced to the ditch of the enemy's works.

SCHLACHTER, PHILIPP

Rank and organization: Private, Company F, 73d New York Infantry. Place and date: At Spotsylvania, Va., 12 May 1864. Entered service at: ------. Birth: Germany. Date of issue: 1 December 1864.

Citation... Capture of flag of 15th Louisiana Infantry (C.S.A.).

SCHMAL, GEORGE W.

Rank and organization: Blacksmith, Company M, 24th New York Cavalry. Place and date: At Paines Crossroads, Va., 5 April 1865. Entered service at: Buffalo, N.Y. Birth: Germany. Date of issue: 3 May 1865.

Citation... Capture of flag.

SCHMAUCH, ANDREW

Rank and organization: Private, Company A, 30th Ohio Infantry. Place and date: At Vicksburg, Miss., 22 May 1863. Entered service at: ------. Birth: Germany. Date of issue: 9 July 1894.

Citation... Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party."

SCHMIDT, CONRAD

Rank and organization: First Sergeant, Company K, 2d U.S. Cavalry. Place and date: At Winchester, Va., 19 September 1864. Entered service at: ------. Birth: Germany. Date of issue. 16 March 1896.

Citation... Went to the assistance of his regimental commander, whose horse had been killed under him in a charge, mounted the officer behind him, under a heavy fire from the enemy, and returned him to his command.

SCHMIDT, WILLIAM

Rank and organization: Private, Company G, 37th Ohio Infantry. Place and date: At Missionary Ridge, Tenn., 25 November 1863. Entered service at: Maumee, Ohio. Birth: Tiffin, Ohio. Date of issue: 9 November 1895. Citation. Rescued a wounded comrade under terrific fire.

SCHNEIDER, GEORGE

Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company A, 3d Maryland Veteran Infantry. Place and date: At Petersburg, Va., 30 July 1864. Entered service at: ------. Birth: Baltimore, Md. Date of issue: 27 July 1896.

Citation... After the color sergeant had been shot down, seized the colors and planted them on the enemy's works during the charge.

SCHNELL, CHRISTIAN

Rank and organization: Corporal, Company C, 37th Ohio Infantry. Place and date: At Vicksburg, Miss., 22 May 1863. Entered service at: Wapakoneta, Ohio. Birth: Virginia. Date of issue: 10 July 1894.

Citation... Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party."

SCHOFIELD, JOHN M.

Rank and organization: Major, 1st Missouri Infantry. Place and date: At Wilsons Creek, Mo., 10 August 1861. Entered service at: St. Louis, Mo. Born: 29 September 1831, Gerry, N.Y. Date of issue: 2 July 1892.

Citation... Was conspicuously gallant in leading a regiment in a successful charge against the enemy.

SCHOONMAKER, JAMES M.

Rank and organization: Colonel, 14th Pennsylvania Cavalry. Place and date: At Winchester, Va., 19 September 1864. Entered service at: Maryland. Born: 30 June 1842, Pittsburgh, Pa. Date of issue: 19 May 1899.

Citation... At a critical period, gallantly led a cavalry charge against the left of the enemy's line of battle, drove the enemy out of his works, and captured many prisoners.

SCHORN, CHARLES

Rank and organization: Chief Bugler, Company M, 1st West Virginia Cavalry. Place and date: At Appomattox, Va., 8 April 1865. Entered service at: Mason City, W. Va. Birth: Germany. Date of issue: 3 May 1865.

Citation... Capture of flag of the Sumter Flying Artillery (C.S.A.).

SCHUBERT, MARTIN

Rank and organization: Private, Company E, 26th New York Infantry. Place and date: At Fredericksburg, Va., 13 December 1862. Entered service at: ------. Birth: Germany. Date of issue. 1 September 1893. Citation. Relinquished a furlough granted for wounds, entered the battle, where he picked up the colors after several bearers had been killed or wounded, and carried them until himself again wounded.

SCHUTT, GEORGE

Rank and organization: Coxswain, U.S. Navy. Born: 1833, Ireland. Accredited to: New York. G.O. No.: 59, 22 June 1865.

Citation... As coxswain on board the U.S.S. Hendrick Hudson, St. Marks, Fla., 5 and 6 March 1865. Serving with the army in charge of Navy howitzers during the attack on St. Marks and throughout the fierce engagement, Schutt made remarkable efforts in assisting transport of the gun, and his coolness and determination in courageously remaining by his gun while under the heavy fire of the enemy were a credit to the service to which he belonged.

SCHWAN, THEODORE

Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, 10th U.S. Infantry. Place and date: At Peebles Farm, Va., 1 October 1864. Entered service at: New York. Born: 9 July 1841, Germany. Date of issue: 12 December 1898.

Citation... At the imminent risk of his own life, while his regiment was falling back before a superior force of the enemy, he dragged a wounded and helpless officer to the rear, thus saving him from death or capture.

SCHWENK, MARTIN

Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company B, 6th U.S. Cavalry. Place and date: At Millerstown, Pa., July 1863. Entered service at: ------. Birth: Germany. Date of issue: 23 April 1889.

Citation... Bravery in an attempt to carry a communication through the enemy's lines; also rescued an officer from the hands of the enemy.

SCOFIELD, DAVID H.

Rank and organization: Quartermaster Sergeant, Company K. 5th N.Y., U.S. Cavalry. Place and date: At Cedar Creek, Va., 19 October 1864. Entered service at: ------. Birth: Mamaroneck, N.Y. Date of issue: 26 October 1864.

Citation... Capture of flag of 13th Virginia Infantry (C.S.A.).

SCOTT, ALEXANDER

Rank and organization: Corporal, Company D, 10th Vermont Infantry. Place and date: At Monocacy, Md., 9 July 1864. Entered service at: Winooski, Vt. Birth: Canada. Date of issue: 28 September 1897.

Citation... Under a very heavy fire of the enemy saved the national flag of his regiment from capture.

SCOTT, JOHN M.

Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company F, 21st Ohio Infantry. Place and date: Georgia, April 1862. Entered service at: Finley, Ohio. Birth: Stark County, Ohio. Date of issue: 4 August 1866.

Citation... One of the 19 of 22 men (including 2 civilians) who, by direction of Gen. Mitchell (or Buell), penetrated nearly 200 miles south into enemy territory and captured a railroad train at Big Shanty, Ga., and attempted to destroy the bridges and track between Chattanooga and Atlanta.

SCOTT, JOHN WALLACE

Rank and organization: Captain, Company D, 157th Pennsylvania Infantry. Place and date: At Five Forks, Va., 1 April 1865. Entered service at: ------. Born: 1838, Chester County, Pa. Date of issue: 27 April 1865.

Citation... Capture of the flag of the 16th South Carolina Infantry, in hand_to_hand combat.

SCOTT, JULIAN A.

Rank and organization: Drummer, Company E, 3d Vermont Infantry. Place and date. At Lees Mills, Va., 16 April 1862. Entered service at. Johnson, Vt. Birth: Johnson, Vt. Date of issue: February 1865.

Citation... Crossed the creek under a terrific fire of musketry several times to assist in bringing off the wounded.

SEAMAN, ELISHA B

Rank and organization: Private, Company A, 66th Ohio Infantry. Place and date: At Chancellorsville, Va. 2 May 1863. Entered service at: Logan County, Ohio. Birth: Logan County, Ohio. Date of issue: 24 June 1892.

Citation... Was 1 of party of 4 who voluntarily brought into the Union lines, under fire, a wounded Confederate officer from whom was obtained valuable information concerning the enemy.

SEANOR, JAMES

Rank and organization: Master_at_Arms, U.S. Navy. Born: 1833, Boston, Mass. Accredited to: New York. G.O. No 45, 31 December 1864.

Citation... Served as master_at_arms on board the U.S. Ironclad Chickasaw, Mobile Bay, 5 August 1864. Although his enlistment was up, Seanor volunteered for the battle of Mobile Bay, going on board the Chickasaw from the Vincennes where he carried out his duties gallantly throughout the engagement which resulted in the capture of the rebel ram Tennessee.

SEARS, CYRUS

Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, 11th Battery, Ohio Light Artillery. Place and date: At Iuka, Miss., 19 September 1862. Entered service at: Bucyrus, Ohio. Born: 10 March 1832, Delaware County, N.Y. Date of issue: 31 December 1892.

Citation... Although severely wounded, fought his battery until the cannoneers and horses were nearly all killed or wounded.

SEAVER, THOMAS O.

Rank and organization: Colonel, 3d Vermont Infantry. Place and date: At Spotsylvania Courthouse, Va., 10 May 1864. Entered service at: Pomfret, Vt. Born: 23 December 1833, Davendish, Vt. Date of issue: 8 April 1892.

Citation... At the head of 3 regiments and under a most galling fire attacked and occupied the enemy's works.

SEITZINGER, JAMES M.

Rank and organization: Private, Company G, 116th Pennsylvania Infantry. Place and date: At Cold Harbor, Va., 3 June 1864. Entered service at: Worcester, Pa. Birth: Germany. Date of issue: 1 March 1906.

Citation... When the color bearer was shot down, this soldier seized the colors and bore them gallantly in a charge against the enemy.

SELLERS, ALFRED J.

Rank and organization: Major, 90th Pennsylvania Infantry. Place and date: At Gettysburg, Pa., 1 July 1863. Entered service at: Pennsylvania. Born: 2 March 1836, Plumsteadville, Bucks County, Pa. Date of issue: 21 July 1894.

Citation... Voluntarily led the regiment under a withering fire to a position from which the enemy was repulsed.

Medal of Honor was given posthumously. SESTON, CHARLES H.

Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company I, 11th Indiana Infantry. Place and date: At Winchester, Va., 19 September 1864. Entered service at: New Albany, Ind. Birth: New Albany, Ind. Date of issue: 6 April 1865.

Citation... Gallant and meritorious service in carrying the regimental colors.

SEWARD, GRIFFIN

Rank and organization: Wagoner, Company G, 8th U.S. Cavalry. Place and date: At Chiricahva Mountains, Ariz., 20 October 1863. Entered service at:------. Birth: Dover, Del. Date of issue: 14 February 1870.

Citation... Gallantry in action.

SEWARD, RICHARD E.

Rank and organization: Paymaster's Steward, U.S. Navy. Place and date: Ship Island Sound, La., 23 November 1863. Entered service at------. Born: 1840, Kittery, Maine. Date of issue: 16 April 1864.

Citation... Served as paymaster's steward on board the U.S.S. Commodore, November 1863. Carrying out his duties courageously, Seward "volunteered to go on the field amidst a heavy fire to recover the bodies of 2 soldiers which he brought off with the aid of others; a second instance of personal valor within a fortnight.'' Promoted to acting master's mate.

SEWELL, WILLIAM J.

Rank and organization: Colonel, 5th New Jersey Infantry. Place and date: At Chancellorsville, Va., 3 May 1863. Entered service at: Camden, N.J. Born: 6 December 1835, Ireland. Date of issue: 25 March 1896.

Citation... Assuming command of a brigade, he rallied around his colors a mass of men from other regiments and fought these troops with great brilliancy through several hours of desperate conflict, remaining in command though wounded and inspiring them by his presence and the gallantry of his personal example.

SHAFTER, WILLIAM R.

Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, Company I, 7th Michigan Infantry. Place and date: At Fair Oaks, Va., 31 May 1862. Entered service at: Galesburg, Mich. Birth: Kalamazoo, Mich. Date of issue: 12 June 1895.

Citation... Lt. Shafter was engaged in bridge construction and not being needed there returned with his men to engage the enemy participating in a charge across an open field that resulted in casualties to 18 of the 22 men. At the close of the battle his horse was shot from under him and he was severely flesh wounded. He remained on the field that day and stayed to fight the next day only by concealing his wounds. In order not to be sent home with the wounded he kept his wounds concealed for another 3 days until other wounded had left the area.

SHAHAN, EMISIRE

Rank and organization: Corporal, Company A, 1st West Virginia Cavalry. Place and date: At Sailors Creek, Va., 6 April 1865. Entered service at:------. Birth: Preston County, W. Va. Date of issue: 3 May 1865.

Citation... Capture of flag of 76th Georgia Infantry (C.S.A.).

SHALER, ALEXANDER

Rank and organization: Colonel, 65th New York Infantry. Place and date: At Marye's Heights, Va., 3 May 1863. Entered service at: New York, N.Y. Born: 19 March 1827, Haddam, Conn. Date of issue 25 November 1893.

Citation... At a most critical moment, the head of the charging column being about to be crushed by the severe fire of the enemy's artillery and infantry, he pushed forward with a supporting column, pierced the enemy's works, and turned their flank.

SHAMBAUGH, CHARLES

Rank and organization: Corporal, Company D, 11th Pennsylvania Reserves. Place and date: At Charles City Crossroads, Va., 30 June 1862. Entered service at: Indiana County, Pa. Birth: Prussia. Date of issue: 17 July 1866.

Citation... Capture of flag.

SHANES, JOHN

Rank and organization: Private, Company K, 14th West Virginia Infantry. Place and date: At Carters Farm, Va., 20 July 1864. Entered service at:------. Birth: Monomgalis County, W.Va. Date of issue: 31 January 1896.

Citation... Charged upon a Confederate fieldpiece in advance of his comrades and by his individual exertions silenced the piece.

SHAPLAND, JOHN

Rank and organization: Private, Company D, 104th Illinois Infantry. Place and date: At Elk River, Tenn., 2 July 1863. Entered service at: Ottawa, Ill. Birth: England. Date of issue: 30 October 1897.

Citation... Voluntarily joined a small party that, under a heavy fire, captured a stockade and saved the bridge.

SHARP, HENDRICK

Rank and organization: Seaman, U.S. Navy. Born: 1815, Spain. Accredited to: New York. G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864.

Citation... As captain of a 100_pounder rifle gun on topgallant forecastle on board the U.S.S. Richmond during action against rebel forts and gunboats and with the ram Tennessee in Mobile Bay, 5 August 1864. Despite damage to his ship and the loss of several men on board as enemy fire raked her decks, Sharp fought his gun with skill and courage throughout a furious 2_hour battle which resulted in the surrender of the rebel ram Tennessee and in the damaging and destruction of the batteries at Fort Morgan.

SHEA, JOSEPH H.

Rank and organization: Private, Company K, 92d New York Infantry. Place and date: At Chapins Farm, Va., 29 September 1864. Entered service at: ------. Birth: Baltimore, Md. Date of issue: March 1866.

Citation... Gallantry in bringing wounded from the field under heavy fire.

SHELLENBERGER, JOHN S.

Rank and organization: Corporal, Company B, 85th Pennsylvania Infantry. Place and date: At Deep Run, Va., 16 August 1864. Entered service at: Perryopolis, Pa. Birth: ------. Date of issue: 6 April 1865.

Citation... Capture of flag.

SHEPARD, IRWIN

Rank and organization: Corporal, Company E, 17th Michigan Infantry. Place and date: At Knoxville, Tenn. 20 November 1863. Entered service at: Chelsea, Mich. Birth: Skaneateles, N.Y. Date of issue: 3 August 1897.

Citation... Having voluntarily accompanied a small party to destroy buildings within the enemy's lines, whence sharpshooters had been firing, disregarded an order to retire, remained and completed the firing of the buildings, thus insuring their total destruction; this at the imminent risk of his life from the fire of the advancing enemy.

SHEPARD, LOUIS C.

Rank and organization: Ordinary Seaman, U.S. Navy. Born: 1843, Ohio. Accredited to: Ohio. G.O. No.: 59, 22 June 1865.

Citation... Served as seaman on board the U.S.S. Wabash in the assault on Fort Fisher, 15 January 1865. Advancing gallantly through severe enemy fire while armed only with a revolver and cutlass which made it impossible to return the fire at that range, Shepard succeeded in reaching the angle of the fort and in going on, to be one of the few who entered the fort. When the rest of the body of men to his rear were forced to retreat under a devastating fire, he was forced to withdraw through lack of support and to seek the shelter of one of the mounds near the stockade from which point he succeeded in regaining the safety of his ship.

SHEPHERD, WILLIAM

Rank and organization: Private, Company A, 3d Indiana Cavalry. Place and date: At Sailors Creek, Va., 6 April 1865. Entered service at: Dillsboro, Ind. Birth: Dearborn County, Ind. Date of issue: 3 May 1865.

Citation... Capture of flag.

SHERIDAN, JAMES

Rank and organization: Quartermaster, U.S. Navy. Born: 1831, Newark, N.J. Accredited to: New York. G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864.

Citation... Served as quartermaster on board the U.S.S. Oneida in the engagement at Mobile Bay 5 August 1864. Acting as captain of the after 11_inch gun, and wounded in several places, Sheridan remained at his gun until the firing had ceased and then took the place of the signal quartermaster who had been injured by a fall. Recommended for his gallantry and intelligence, Sheridan served courageously throughout this battle which resulted in the capture of the rebel ram Tennessee and the damaging of Fort Morgan.

SHERMAN, MARSHALL

Rank and organization: Private, Company C, 1st Minnesota Infantry. Place and date: At Gettysburg, Pa., 3 July 1863. Entered service at. St. Paul, Minn. Birth: Burlington, Vt. Date of issue: 1 December 1864.

Citation... Capture of flag of 28th Virginia Infantry (C.S.A.).

SHIEL (SHIELDS), JOHN

Rank and organization: Corporal, Company E, 90th Pennsylvania Infantry. Place and date: At Fredericksburg, Va., 13 December 1862. Entered service at: Cressonville, Pa. Birth: ------. Date of issue: 21 January 1897.

Citation... Carried a dangerously wounded comrade into the Union lines, thereby preventing his capture by the enemy.

SHIELDS, BERNARD

Rank and organization: Private, Company E, 2d West Virginia Cavalry. Place and date: At Appomattox, Va., 8 April 1865. Entered service at: Ironton, Ohio. Birth: Ireland. Date of issue: 3 May 1865.

Citation... Capture of flag of the Washington Artillery (C.S.A.).

SHILLING, JOHN

Rank and organization: First Sergeant, Company H, 3d Delaware Infantry. Place and date: At Weldon Railroad, Va., 21 August 1864. Entered service at: Felton, Del. Born: 15 February 1832, England. Date of issue: 6 September 1864.

Citation... Capture of flag.

SHIPLEY, ROBERT F.

Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company A, 140th New York Infantry. Place and date: At Five Forks, Va., 1 April 1865. Entered service at:------. Birth: Wayne, N.Y. Date of issue: 10 May 1865.

Citation... Captured the flag of the 9th Virginia Infantry (C.S.A.) in hand-to_hand combat.

SHIPMAN, WILLIAM

Rank and organization: Coxswain, U.S. Navy. Born: 1831, New York, N.Y. Accredited to: New York. G.O. No.: 59, 22 June 1865.

Citation... On board the U.S.S. Ticonderoga in the attack upon Fort Fisher on 15 January 1865. As captain of No. 2 gun, stationed near the 100_pounder Parrott rifle when it burst into fragments, killing 8 men and wounding 12 more, Shipman promptly recognized the effect produced by the explosion and, despite the carnage surrounding them, and the enemy's fire, encouraged the men at their guns by exclaiming "Go ahead, boys! This is only the fortunes of war!"

SHIVERS, JOHN

Rank and organization: Private, U.S. Marine Corps. Born: 1830 Canada. Accredited to: New Jersey. G.O. No.. 59, 22 June 1865.

Citation... On board the U.S.S. Minnesota, in the assault on Fort Fisher, 15 January 1865. Landing on the beach with the assaulting party from his ship, Pvt. Shivers advanced to the top of the sandhill and partly through the breach in the palisades despite enemy fire which killed or wounded many officers and men. When more than two_thirds of the men became seized with panic and retreated on the run, he remained with the party until dark when it came safely away, bringing its wounded, its arms and its colors.

SHOEMAKER, LEVI

Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company A, 1st West Virginia Cavalry. Place and date: At Nineveh, Va., 12 November 1864. Entered service at:------. Birth: Monongalia County, W. Va. Date of issue: 26 November 1864.

Citation... Capture of flag of 22d Virginia Cavalry (C.S.A.).

SHOPP, GEORGE J.

Rank and organization: Private, Company E, 191st Pennsylvania Infantry. Place and date: At Five Forks, Va., 1 April 1865. Entered service at: Reading, Pa. Birth: Equinunk, Pa. Date of issue: 27 April 1865.

Citation... Capture of flag.

SHUBERT, FRANK

Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company E, 43d New York Infantry. Place and date: At Petersburg, Va., 2 April 1865. Entered service at:------. Birth: Germany. Date of issue: 10 May 1865.

Citation... Capture of two markers.

SHUTES, HENRY

Rank and organization: Captain of the Forecastle, U.S. Navy. Born: 1804, Baltimore, Md. Accredited to: Maryland. G.O. No.: 71, 15 January 1866.

Citation... Served as captain of the forecastle on board the U.S.S. Wissahickon during the battle of New Orleans, 24 and 25 April 1862; and in the engagement at Fort McAllister, 27 February 1863. Going on board the U.S.S. Wissahickon from the U.S.S. Don where his seamanlike qualities as gunner's mate were outstanding, Shutes performed his duties with skill and courage. Showing a presence of mind and prompt action when a shot from Fort McAllister penetrated the Wissahickon below the water line and entered the powder magazine, Shutes contributed materially to the preservation of the powder and safety of the ship.

SICKLES, DANIEL E.

Rank and organization: Major General, U.S. Volunteers. Place and date: At Gettysburg, Pa., 2 July 1863. Entered service at: New York, N.Y. Birth: New York, N.Y. Date of issue: 30 October 1897.

Citation... Displayed most conspicuous gallantry on the field vigorously contesting the advance of the enemy and continuing to encourage his troops after being himself severely wounded.

SICKLES, WILLIAM H.

Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company B, 7th Wisconsin Infantry. Place and date: At Gravelly Run, Va., 31 March 1865. Entered service at: Columbia County, Wis. Birth: Danube, N.Y. Date of issue: Unknown.

Citation... With a comrade, attempted capture of a stand of Confederate colors and detachment of 9 Confederates, actually taking prisoner 3 members of the detachment, dispersing the remainder, and recapturing a Union officer who was a prisoner in hands of the detachment.

SIDMAN, GEORGE E.

Rank and organization: Private, Company C, 16th Michigan Infantry. Place and date: At Gaines Mill, Va., 27 June 1862. Entered service at: Owosso, Mich. Born: 25 November 1844, Rochester, N.Y. Date of issue: 6 April 1892.

Citation... Distinguished bravery in battle. Rallied his comrades to charge vastly superior force until wounded in the hip. He was a 16_year_old drummer.

SIMKINS, LEBBEUS

Rank and organization: Coxswain, U.S. Navy. Born: 1836, Utica N.Y. Accredited to: New York. G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864.

Citation... On board the U.S.S. Richmond during action against rebel forts and gunboats and with the ram Tennessee in Mobile Bay, 5 August 1864. Despite damage to his ship and the loss of several men on board as enemy fire raked her decks, Simkins performed his duties with skill and courage throughout a furious 2_hour battle which resulted in the surrender of the rebel ram Tennessee and in the damaging and destruction of batteries at Fort Morgan.

SIMMONS, JOHN

Rank and organization: Private, Company D, 2d New York Heavy Artillery. Place and date: At Sailors Creek, Va., 6 April 1865. Entered service at: Liberty, N.Y. Birth: Bethel, N.Y. Date of issue: 24 April 1865.

Citation... Capture of flag.

SIMMONS, WILLIAM T.

Rank and organization: Lieutenant, Company C, 11th Missouri Infantry. Place and date: At Nashville, Tenn., 16 December 1864. Entered service at: ------. Born: 29 January 1843, Green County, Ill. Date of issue: 24 February 1865.

Citation... Capture of flag of 34th Alabama Infantry (C.S.A ). Being the first to enter the works, he shot and wounded the enemy color bearer.

SIMONDS, WILLIAM EDGAR

Rank and organization: Sergeant Major, 25th Connecticut Infantry. Place and date: At Irish Bend, La., 14 April 1863. Entered service at: Canton, Conn. Birth: ------. Date of issue: 25 February 1899. Citation. Displayed great gallantry, under a heavy fire from the enemy, in calling in the skirmishers and assisting in forming the line of battle.

SIMONS, CHARLES J.

Rank and organization. Sergeant, Company A, 9th New Hampshire Infantry. Place and date: At Petersburg, Va., 30 July 1864. Entered service at: Exeter, N.H. Birth: India. Date of issue: 27 July 1896.

Citation... Was one of the first in the exploded mine, captured a number of prisoners. and was himself captured, but escaped.

SIVEL, HENRY

See William H. Mathews (true name).

SKELLIE, EBENEZER

Rank and organization: Corporal, Company D, 112th New York Infantry. Place and date: At Chapins Farm, Va., 29 September 1864. Entered service at: Mina, N.Y. Birth: Mina, N.Y. Date of issue: 6 April 1865.

Citation... Took the colors of his regiment, the color bearer having fallen, and carried them through the first charge; also, in the second charge, after all the color guards had been killed or wounded he carried the colors up to the enemy's works, where he fell wounded.

SLADEN, JOSEPH A.

Rank and organization: Private, Company A, 33d Massachusetts Infantry. Place and date: At Resaca, Ga., 14 May 1864. Entered service at: Lowell, Mass. Birth: England. Date of issue: 19 July 1895.

Citation... While detailed as clerk at headquarters, voluntarily engaged in action at a critical moment and personal example inspired the troops to repel the enemy.

SLAGLE, OSCAR

Rank and organization: Private, Company D, 104th Illinois Infantry. Place and date: At Elk River, Tenn., 2 July 1863. Entered service at: Manlius, Ill. Birth: Fulton County, Ohio. Date of issue: 30 October 1897.

Citation... Voluntarily joined a small party that, under a heavy fire, captured a stockade and saved the bridge.

SLAVENS, SAMUEL

Rank and organization: Private, Company E, 33d Ohio Infantry. Place and date: Georgia, April 1862. Entered service at: Wakefield, Pike County, Ohio. Birth: Pike County, Ohio. Date of issue: 28 July 1883.

Citation... One of the 19 of 22 men (including 2 civilians) who, by direction of Gen. Mitchell (or Buell), penetrated nearly 200 miles south into enemy territory and captured a railroad train at Big Shanty, Ga., in an attempt to destroy the bridges and track between Chattanooga and Atlanta.

SLOAN, ANDREW J.

Rank and organization: Private, Company H, 12th lowa Infantry. Place and date: At Nashville, Tenn., 16 December 1864. Entered service at: Colesburg, Delaware County, lowa. Birth: Bedford County, Pa. Date of issue: 24 February 1865.

Citation... Captured flag of 1st Louisiana Battery (C.S.A.).

SLUSHER, HENRY C.

Rank and organization: Private, Company F, 22d Pennsylvania Cavalry. Place and date: Near Moorefield, W. Va., 11 September 1863. Entered service at: ------. Birth: Washington County, Pa. Date of issue: 4 April 1898.

Citation... Voluntarily crossed a branch of the Potomac River under fire to rescue a wounded comrade held prisoner by the enemy. Was wounded and taken prisoner in the attempt.

SMALLEY, REUBEN

Rank and organization: Private, Company F, 83d Indiana Infantry. Place and date: At Vicksburg, Miss., 22 May 1863. Entered service at. Poston, Ind. Birth: Redding, N.Y. Date of issue: 9 July 1894.

Citation... Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party."

SMALLEY, REUBEN S.

Rank and organization: Private, Company D, 104th Illinois Infantry. Place and date: At Elk River, Tenn., 2 July 1863. Entered service at: Brookfield, La Salle County, Ill. Birth: Washington County, Pa. Date of issue: 30 October 1897.

Citation... Voluntarily joined a small party that, under a heavy fire, captured a stockade and saved the bridge.

SMITH, ALONZO

Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company C, 7th Michigan Infantry. Place and date: At Hatchers Run, Va., 27 October 1864. Entered service at: Jonesville, Mich. Born: 9 August 1842, Niagara County, N.Y. Date of issue: 1 December 1864.

Citation... Capture of flag of 26th North Carolina Infantry (C.S.A.), while outside his lines far from his comrades.

SMITH, ANDREW JACKSON

The President of the United States of America, authorized by Act of Congress, March 3, 1863, has awarded in the name of The Congress the Medal of Honor to

CORPORAL ANDREW JACKSON SMITH
UNITED STATES ARMY

for conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty:

Corporal Andrew Jackson Smith, of Clinton, Illinois, a member of the 55th Massachusetts Voluntary Infantry, distinguished himself on 30 November 1864 by saving his regimental colors, after the color bearer was killed during al bloody charge called the Battle of Honey Hill, South Carolina. In the late afternoon, as the 55th Regiment pursued enemy skirmishers and conducted a running fight, they ran into a swampy area backed by a rise where the Confederate Army awaited. The surrounding woods and thick underbrush impeded infantry movement and artillery support. The 55th and 34th regiments formed columns to advance on the enemy position in a flanking movement. As the Confederates repelled other units, the 55th and 54th regiments continued to move into tanking positions. Forced into a narrow gorge crossing a swamp in the face of the enemy position, the 55th's Color-Sergeant was killed by an exploding shell, and Corporal Smith took the Regimental Colors from his hand and carried them through heavy grape and canister fire. Although half of the officers and a third of the enlisted men engaged in the fight were killed or wounded, Corporal Smith continued to expose himself to enemy fire by carrying the colors throughout the battle. Through his actions, the Regimental Colors of the 55th Infantry Regiment were not lost to the enemy. Corporal Andrew Jackson Smith's extraordinary valor in the face of deadly enemy fire is in keeping with the highest traditions of military service and reflect great credit upon him, the 55th Regiment, and the United States Army.

SMITH, CHARLES H.

Rank and organization: Colonel, 1st Maine Cavalry. Place and date: At St. Mary's Church, Va., 24 June 1864. Entered service at: Maine. Birth: Hollis, Maine. Date of issue: 11 April 1895.

Citation... Remained in the fight to the close, although severely wounded.

Medal of Honor was given posthumously. SMITH, CHARLES H.

Rank and organization: Coxswain, U.S. Navy. Born: 1826, Maine. Accredited to: Maine. G.O. No.: 59, 22 June 1865.

Citation... On board the U.S.S. Rhode Island which was engaged in rescuing men from the stricken Monitor in Mobile Bay, on December 30, 1862. After the Monitor sprang a leak and went down, Smith courageously risked his life in a gallant attempt to rescue members of the crew. Although he, too, lost his life during the hazardous operation, he had made every effort possible to save the lives of his fellow men.

SMITH, DAVID L.

Rank and organization: Sergeant, Battery E, 1st New York Light Artillery. Place and date. At Warwick Courthouse, Va., 6 April 1862. Entered service at: Bath, N.Y. Birth: ------. Date of issue: 6 August 1906.

Citation... This soldier, when a shell struck an ammunition chest exploding a number of cartridges and setting fire to the packing tow, procured water and extinguished the fire, thus preventing the explosion of the remaining ammunition.

SMITH, EDWIN

Rank and organization: Ordinary Seaman, U.S. Navy. Born: 1841, New York, N.Y. Accredited to: New York.

Citation... On board the U.S.S. Whitehead in the attack upon Franklin, Va., 3 October 1862. When his ship became grounded in a narrow passage as she rounded a bend in the Blackwater River, Smith, realizing the hazards of lowering a boat voluntarily swam to shore with a line under the enemy's heavy fire. His fearless action enabled his ship to maintain steady fire and keep the enemy in check during the battle.

SMITH, FRANCIS M.

Rank and organization: First Lieutenant and Adjutant, 1st Maryland Infantry. Place and date: At Dabney Mills, Va., 6 February 1865. Entered service at: Frederick, Md. Birth: Frederick, Md. Date of issue: 13 August 1895.

Citation... Voluntarily remained with the body of his regimental commander under a heavy fire after the brigade had retired and brought the body off the field.

SMITH, HENRY I.

Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, Company B, 7th lowa Infantry. Place and date: At Black River, N.C., 15 March 1865. Entered service at: Shell Rock Fall, Cerro Gordo County, lowa. Born: 4 May 1840, England. Date of issue: 7 September 1894.

Citation... Voluntarily and under fire rescued a comrade from death by drowning.

SMITH, JAMES (OVID)

Rank and organization: Private, Company I, 2d Ohio Infantry. Place and date: Georgia, April 1862. Entered service at: ------ Birth: Fredericksburg, Va. Date of issue: 6 July 1864.

Citation... One of the 19 of 22 men (including 2 civilians) who, by direction of Gen. Mitchell (or Buell), penetrated nearly 200 miles south into enemy territory and captured a railroad train at Big Shanty, Ga., in an attempt to destroy the bridges and tract between Chattanooga and Atlanta.

SMITH, JAMES

Rank and organization: Captain of the Forecastle, U.S. Navy. Born: 1826, Albany, N.Y. Accredited to: New York. G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864.

Citation... As captain of a gun on board the U.S.S: Richmond during action against rebel forts and gunboats and with the ram Tennessee, in Mobile Bay, 5 August 1864. Despite damage to his ship and the loss of several men on board as enemy fire raked her decks, Smith fought his gun with skill and courage throughout the prolonged battle which resulted in the surrender of the rebel ram Tennessee and in the successful attacks carried out on Fort Morgan.

SMITH, JOHN

Rank and organization: Captain of Forecastle, U.S. Navy. Born: 1831, Boston, Mass. Accredited to: Massachusetts. G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864.

Citation... On board the U.S.S. Lackawanna during the successful attacks against Fort Morgan, rebel gunboats and the ram Tennessee in Mobile Bay, 5 August 1864. Serving as a gun captain and finding he could not depress his gun when alongside the rebel ironclad Tennessee, Smith threw a hand holystone into one of the ports at a rebel using abusive language against the crew of the ship. He continued his daring action throughout the engagement which resulted in the capture of the prize ram Tennessee and in the damaging and destruction of Fort Morgan.

SMITH, JOHN

Rank and organization: Second Captain of the Top, U.S. Navy. Born 1826, Albany, N.Y. Accredited to: New York. G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864.

Citation... As captain of a gun on board the U.S.S. Richmond during action against rebel forts and gunboats and with the ram Tennessee in Mobile Bay, 5 August 1864. Despite damage to his ship and the loss of several men on board as enemy fire raked her decks, Smith fought his gun with skill and courage throughout a furious 2_hour battle which resulted in the surrender of the rebel ram Tennessee and in the damaging and destruction of batteries at Fort Morgan.

SMITH, JOSEPH S.

Rank and organization: Lieutenant Colonel and Commissary of Subsistence, 2d Army Corps. Place and date: At Hatchers Run, Va., 27 October 1864. Entered service at: Maine. Birth: Wiscasset, Maine. Date of issue: 25 May 1892.

Citation... Led a part of a brigade, saved 2 pieces of artillery, captured a flag, and secured a number of prisoners.

SMITH, OLOFF

Rank and organization. Coxswain, U.S. Navy. Born: 1833, Sweden. Accredited to: New York. G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864.

Citation... On board the U.S.S. Richmond during action against rebel forts and gunboats and with the ram Tennessee in Mobile Bay, 5 August 1864 Despite damage to his ship and the loss of several men on board as enemy fire raked her decks, Smith performed his duties with skill and courage throughout the furious 2_hour battle which resulted in the surrender of the rebel ram Tennessee and in the damaging and destruction of batteries at Fort Morgan.

SMITH, OTIS W.

Rank and organization: Private, Company G, 95th Ohio Infantry. Place and date: At Nashville, Tenn., 16 December 1864. Entered service at:------. Birth: Logan County, Ohio. Date of issue: 24 February 1865.

Citation... Capture of flag of 6th Florida Infantry (C.S.A.).

SMITH, RICHARD

Rank and organization: Private, Company B, 95th New York Infantry. Place and date: At Weldon Railroad, Va., 21 August 1864. Entered service at: Harverstraw, Rockland County, N.Y. Birth: Harverstraw, Rockland County, N.Y. Date of issue: 13 March 1865.

Citation... Captured 2 officers and 20 men of Hagood's brigade while they were endeavoring to make their way back through the woods.

SMITH, S. RODMOND

Rank and organization: Captain, Company C, 4th Delaware Infantry. Place and date: At Rowanty Creek, Va., 5 February 1865. Entered service at: Wilmington, Del. Birth: Delaware. Date of issue: 8 April 1895.

Citation... Swam the partly frozen creek under fire to establish a crossing.

SMITH, THADDEUS S.

Rank and organization. Corporal, Company E, 6th Pennsylvania Reserve Infantry. Place and date. At Gettysburg, Pa., 2 July 1863. Entered service at: ------. Birth: Franklin County, Pa. Date of issue: 5 May 1900.

Citation... Was 1 of 6 volunteers who charged upon a log house near the Devil's Den, where a squad of the enemy's sharpshooters were sheltered, and compelled their surrender.

SMITH, THOMAS

Rank and organization: Seaman, U.S. Navy. Born: 1838, England. Accredited to: New York. G.O. No.. 59, 22 June 1865.

Citation... As seaman on board the U.S.S. Magnolia, St. Marks, Fla., 5 and 6 March 1865. Serving with the Army in charge of Navy howitzers during the attack on St. Marks and throughout this fierce engagement, Smith made remarkable efforts in assisting transport of the gun, and his coolness and determination in courageously standing by his gun while under the fire of the enemy were a credit to the service to which he belonged.

SMITH, WALTER B.

Rank and organization: Ordinary Seaman, U.S. Navy. Born: 1827, New York. Accredited to: New York. G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864.

Citation... On board the U.S.S. Richmond during action against rebel forts and gunboats and with the ram Tennessee in Mobile Bay, 5 August 1864. Cool and courageous at his station throughout the prolonged action, Smith rendered outstanding service at the 100_pounder rifle on the topgallant forecastle and while firing his musket into the gun ports of the rebel Tennessee.

SMITH, WILLARD M.

Rank and organization: Corporal, U.S. Marine Corps. Born: 1840, Alleghany, N.Y. Accredited to: New York. G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864.

Citation... On board the U.S.S. Brooklyn during action against rebel forts and gunboats, and with the ram Tennessee in Mobile Bay, 5 August 1864. Despite severe damage to his ship and the loss of several men on board as enemy fire continued to fall, Cpl. Smith fought his gun with skill and courage throughout the furious 2_hour battle which resulted in the surrender of the rebel ram Tennessee.

SMITH, WILLIAM

Rank and organization: Quartermaster, U.S. Navy. Born: 1838, Ireland. Accredited to: New Hampshire. G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864.

Citation... Served as second quartermaster on board the U.S.S. Kearsarge when she destroyed the Alabama off Cherbourg, France, 19 June 1864. Acting as captain of the 11-inch pivot gun of the second division, Smith carried out his duties courageously and deserved special notice for the deliberate and cool manner in which he acted throughout the bitter engagement. It is stated by rebel officers that this gun was more destructive and did more damage than any other gun of Kearsarge.

SMITH, WILSON

Rank and organization: Corporal, Battery H, 3d New York Light Artillery. Place and date: At Washington, N.C., 6 September 1862. Entered service at: Madison, N.Y. Birth: Madison, N.Y. Date of issue: 24 April 1896.

Citation... Took command of a gun (the lieutenant in charge having disappeared) and fired the same so rapidly and effectively that the enemy was repulsed, although for a time a hand_to_hand conflict was had over the gun.

SNEDDEN, JAMES

Rank and organization: Musician, Company E, 54th Pennsylvania Infantry. Place and date: At Piedmont, Va., 5 June 1864. Entered service at: Johnstown, Pa. Birth: Scotland. Dates of issue: 11 September 1897.

Citation... Left his place in the rear, took the rifle of a disabled soldier, and fought through the remainder of the action.

SOUTHARD, DAVID

Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company C, 1st New Jersey Cavalry. Place and date. At Sailors Creek, Va., 6 April 1865. Entered service at:------. Birth: Ocean County, N.J. Date of issue: 3 July 1865.

Citation... Capture of flag; and was the first man over the works in the charge.

SOVA., JOSEPH E.

Rank and organization: Saddler, Company H, 8th New York Cavalry. Place and date: At Appomattox Campaign, Va., 29 March to 9 April 1865. Entered service at: ------. Birth: Chili, N.Y. Date of issue: 3 May 1865.

Citation... Capture of flag.

SOWERS, MICHAEL

Rank and organization: Private, Company L, 4th Pennsylvania Cavalry. Place and date: At Stony Creek Station, Va., 1 December 1864. Entered service at: Allegheny County, Pa. Born: 14 September 1844, Pittsburgh, Allegheny County, Pa. Date of issue: 16 February 1897.

Citation... His horse having been shot from under him he voluntarily and on foot participated in the cavalry charge made upon one of the forts, conducting himself throughout with great personal bravery.

SPALDING, EDWARD B.

Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company E, 52d Illinois Infantry. Place and date: At Pittsburg Landing, Tenn., 6 April 1862. Entered service at: Rockford, Winnebago County, Ill. Birth: Ogle County, Ill. Date of issue: 15 January 1894.

Citation... Although twice wounded, and thereby crippled for life, he remained fighting in open ground to the close of the battle.

SPERRY, WILLIAM J.

Rank and organization: Major, 6th Vermont Infantry. Place and date: At Petersburg, Va., 2 April 1865. Entered service at: Vermont. Birth: Cavendish, Vt. Date of issue: 12 August 1892.

Citation... With the assistance of a few men, captured 2 pieces of artillery and turned them upon the enemy.

SPILLANE, TIMOTHY

Rank and organization: Private, Company C, 16th Pennsylvania Cavalry. Place and date: At Hatchers Run, Va., 5_7 February 1865. Entered service at: Erie, Pa. Birth: Ireland. Date of issue: 16 September 1880.

Citation... Gallantry and good conduct in action; bravery in a charge and reluctance to leave the field after being twice wounded.

SPRAGUE, BENONA

Rank and organization: Corporal, Company F, 116th Illinois Infantry. Place and date: At Vicksburg, Miss., 22 May 1863. Entered service at: Chencys Grove, Ill. Birth: Onondaga County, N.Y. Date of issue: 10 July 1894.

Citation... Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party. "

SPRAGUE, JOHN W.

Rank and organization: Colonel, 63d Ohio Infantry. Place and date: At Decatur, Ga., 22 July 1862. Entered service at: Sandusky, Ohio Born: 4 April 1817, White Creek, N.Y. Date of issue: 18 January 1894.

Citation... With a small command defeated an overwhelming force of the enemy and saved the trains of the corps.

SPROWLE, DAVID

Rank and organization: Orderly Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps. Born: 1811, Lisbon, N.Y. Accredited to: New York. G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864.

Citation... On board the U.S.S. Richmond during action against rebel forts and gunboats, and with the ram Tennessee in Mobile Bay, 5 August 1864. Despite damage to his ship and the loss of several men on board as enemy fire raked her decks, Orderly Sgt. Sprowle inspired the men of the marine guard and directed a division of great guns throughout the furious battle which resulted in the surrender of the rebel ram Tennessee and in the damaging and destruction of batteries at Fort Morgan.

SPURLING, ANDREW B.

Rank and organization: Lieutenant Colonel, 2d Maine Cavalry. Place and date: At Evergreen, Ala., 23 March 1865. Entered service at: Maine. Birth: Cranberry Isles, Maine. Date of issue: 10 September 1897.

Citation... Advanced alone in the darkness beyond the picket line, came upon 3 of the enemy, fired upon them (his fire being returned), wounded 2, and captured the whole party.

STACEY, CHARLES

Rank and organization: Private, Company D, 55th Ohio Infantry. Place and date: At Gettysburg, Pa., 2 July 1863. Entered service at: ------. Birth: England. Date of issue: 23 June 1896.

Citation... Voluntarily took an advanced position on the skirmish line for the purpose of ascertaining the location of Confederate sharpshooters, and under heavy fire held the position thus taken until the company of which he was a member went back to the main line.

STAHEL, JULIUS

Rank and organization: Major General, U.S. Volunteers. Place and date: At Piedmont, Va., 5 June 1864. Entered service at: New York, N.Y. Born: 5 November 1825, Hungary. Date of issue: 4 November 1893.

Citation... Led his division into action until he was severely wounded.

STANLEY, DAVID S.

Rank and organization: Major General, U.S. Volunteers. Place and date: At Franklin, Tenn., 30 November 1864. Entered service at: Congress, Wayne County, Ohio. Born: 1 June 1828, Cedar Valley, Ohio. Date of issue: 29 March 1893.

Citation... At a critical moment rode to the front of one of his brigades, reestablished its lines, and gallantly led it In a successful assault.

STANLEY, WILLIAM A.

Rank and organization: Shell Man, U.S. Navy. Born: 1831, Massachusetts. Accredited to: Massachusetts. G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864.

Citation... Shell man on No. 8 on board the U.S.S. Hartford during successful actions against Fort Morgan, rebel gunboats and the ram Tennessee in Mobile Bay, on 5 August 1864. Although severely wounded when his ship sustained numerous hits under the enemy's terrific shellfire, Stanley continued to pass shell until forced by the loss of blood to go below.

STARKINS, JOHN H.

Rank and organization: Sergeant, 34th New York Battery. Place and date: At Campbell Station, Tenn., 16 November 1863. Entered service at:------. Birth: Great Neck, N.Y. Date of issue: 30 July 1896. Citation; Brought off his piece without losing a man.

STEELE, JOHN W.

Rank and organization: Major and Aide_de_Camp, U.S. Volunteers. Place and date: At Spring Hill, Tenn., 29 November 1864. Entered service at: Ohio. Birth: Vermont. Date of issue: 28 September 1897.

Citation... During a night attack of the enemy upon the wagon and ammunition train of this officer's corps, he gathered up a force of stragglers and others, assumed command of it, though himself a staff officer, and attacked and dispersed the enemy's forces, thus saving the train.

STEINMETZ, WILLIAM

Rank and organization: Private, Company G, 83d Indiana Infantry. Place and date: At Vicksburg, Miss., 22 May 1863. Entered service at: Sunmans, Ind. Birth: Newport, Ky. Date of issue: 12 July 1894.

Citation... Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party."

STEPHENS, WILLIAM G.

Rank and organization: Private, Chicago Mercantile Battery, Illinois Light Artillery. Place and date: At Vicksburg, Miss., 22 May 1863. Entered service at: Chicago, Ill. Birth: New York, N.Y. Date of issue: 21 December 1894.

Citation... Carried with others by hand a cannon up to and fired it through an embrasure of the enemy's works.

STERLING, JAMES E.

Rank and organization. Coal Heaver, U.S. Navy. Born: 1838, Maine. Accredited to: Maine. G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864.

Citation... On board the U.S.S. Brooklyn during successful attacks against Fort Morgan, rebel gunboats and the ram Tennessee in Mobile Bay, on 5 August 1864. Although wounded when heavy enemy return fire raked the decks of his ship, Sterling courageously remained at his post and continued passing shell until struck down a second time and completely disabled.

STERLING, JOHN T.

Rank and organization: Private, Company D, 11th Indiana Infantry. Place and date: At Winchester, Va., 19 September 1864. Entered service at: Marion County, Ind. Birth. Edgar County, Ill. Date of issue: 4 April 1865.

Citation... With one companion captured 14 of the enemy in the severest part of the battle.

STEVENS, DANIEL D.

Rank and organization. Quartermaster, U.S. Navy. Born: 1840, Sagnange, Tenn. Accredited to: Massachusetts. Letter 15 July 1870, Secretary of the Navy to Hon. S. Hooper.

Citation... On board the U.S.S. Canonicus during attacks on Fort Fisher, on 13 January 1865. As the Canonicus moved into position at 700 yards from shore, the enemy troops soon obtained her range and opened with heavy artillery fire, subjecting her to several hits and near misses until late in the afternoon when the heavier ships coming into line drove them into their bombproofs. Twice during the battle, in which his ship sustained 36 hits, the flag was shot away and gallantly replaced by Stevens.

STEVENS, HAZARD

Rank and organization: Captain and Assistant Adjutant General, U.S. Volunteers. Place and Date: At Fort Huger, Va., 19 April 1863. Entered service at: Olympia, Washington Territory. Born: 9 June 1842, Newport, R.I. Date of issue: 13 June 1894.

Citation... Gallantly led a party that assaulted and captured the fort.

STEWART, GEORGE W.

Rank and organization: First Sergeant, Company E, 1st New Jersey Cavalry. Place and date: At Paines Crossroads, Va., 5 April 1865. Entered service at: ------. Birth: Salem, N.J. Date of issue: 3 May 1865.

Citation... Capture of flag.

STEWART, JOSEPH

Rank and organization: Private, Company G, 1st Maryland Infantry. Place and date. At Five Forks, Va., 1 April 1865. Entered service at: ------. Birth: Ireland. Date of issue: 27 April 1865. Citation. Capture of flag.

STICKELS, JOSEPH

Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company A, 83d Ohio Infantry. Place and date. At Fort Blakely, Ala., 9 April 1865. Entered service at: Bethany, Ohio. Birth: Butler County, Ohio. Date of issue: 8 June 1865.

Citation... Capture of flag.

STOCKMAN, GEORGE H.

Rank and organization. First Lieutenant, Company C, 6th Missouri Infantry. Place and date: At Vicksburg, Miss., 22 May 1863. Entered service at: Chicago, Ill. Birth. Germany. Date of issue: 9 July 1894.

Citation... Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party."

STODDARD, JAMES

Rank and organization: Seaman, U.S. Navy. Born: 1838, North Carolina. Accredited to: North Carolina. G.O. No.: 32, 16 April 1864.

Citation... Off Yazoo City, Miss., 5 March 1864. Embarking from the Marmora with a 12_pound howitzer mounted on a field carriage, Stoddard landed with the gun and crew in the midst of heated battle and, bravely standing by his gun despite enemy rifle fire which cut the gun carriage and rammer, contributed to the turning back of the enemy during the fierce engagement.

STOKES, GEORGE

Rank and organization: Private, Company C, 122d Illinois Infantry. Place and date: At Nashville, Tenn., 16 December 1864. Entered service at: Jerseyville, Ill. Birth. England. Date of issue: 24 February 1865.

Citation... Capture of flag.

STOLZ, FRANK

Rank and organization: Private, Company G, 83d Indiana Infantry. Place and date: At Vicksburg, Miss., 22 May 1863. Entered service at: Sunmans, Ind. Birth: Dearborn County, Ind. Date of issue: 9 July 1894.

Citation... Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party."

STOREY, JOHN H. R.

Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company F, 109th Pennsylvania Infantry. Place and date: At Dallas, Ga., 28 May 1864. Entered service at: ------. Birth: Philadelphia, Pa. Date of issue: 29 August 1896.

Citation... While bringing in a wounded comrade, under a destructive fire, he was himself wounded in the right leg, which was amputated on the same day.

STOUT, RICHARD

Rank and organization: Landsman, U.S. Navy. Born: 1836, New York. Accredited to: New York. G.O. No.: 32, 16 April 1864.

Citation... Serving on board the U.S.S. Isaac Smith, Stono River, 30 January 1863. While reconnoitering on the Stono River on this date the U.S.S. Isaac Smith became trapped in a rebel ambush. Fired on from two sides, she fought her guns until disabled. Suffering heavy casualties and at the mercy of the enemy who was delivering a raking fire from every side, she struck her colors out of regard for the wounded aboard, and all aboard were taken prisoners. Carrying out his duties bravely through this action, Stout was severely wounded and lost his right arm while returning the rebel fire.

STRAHAN, ROBERT

Rank and organization: Captain of the Top, U.S. Navy. Birth: New Jersey. G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864. Accredited to: New Jersey.

Citation... Served as captain of the top on board the U.S.S. Kearsarge when she destroyed the Alabama off Cherbourg, France, 19 June 1864. Acting as captain of the No. 1 gun, Strahan carried out his duties in the face of heavy enemy fire and exhibited marked coolness and good conduct throughout the engagement. Strahan was highly recommended by his division officer for his gallantry and meritorious achievements.

STRAUSBAUGH, BERNARD A.

Rank and organization: First Sergeant, Company A, 3d Maryland Infantry. Place and date: At Petersburg, Va., 17 June 1864. Entered service at: Warfordsburg, Pa. Birth: Adams County, Pa. Date of issue: 1 December 1864.

Citation... Recaptured the colors of 2d Pennsylvania Provisional Artillery.

STREILE, CHRISTIAN

Rank and organization: Private, Company I, 1st New Jersey Cavalry. Place and date: At Paines Crossroads, Va., 5 April 1865. Entered service at: Jersey City, N.J. Birth: Germany. Date of issue: 3 May 1865.

Citation... Capture of flag.

STRONG, JAMES N.

Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company C, 49th Massachusetts Infantry. Place and date: At Port Hudson, La., 27 May 1863. Entered service at: Pittsfield, Mass. Birth: ------. Date of issue: 25 November 1893.

Citation... Volunteered in response to a call and took part in the movement that was made upon the enemy's works under a heavy fire therefrom in advance of the general assault.

STURGEON, JAMES K.

Rank and organization: Private, Company F, 46th Ohio Infantry. Place and date: At Kenesaw Mountain, Ga., 15 June 1864. Entered service at: ------. Birth: Perry County, Ohio. Date of issue: 2 January 1895.

Citation... Advanced beyond the lines, and in an encounter with 3 Confederates shot 2 and took the other prisoner.

SULLIVAN, JAMES

Rank and organization: Ordinary Seaman, U.S. Navy. Born: 1833, New York, N.Y. Accredited to: New York. G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864.

Citation... On board the U.S.S. Agawam as one of a volunteer crew of a powder boat which was exploded near Fort Fisher, 2 December 1864. The powder boat, towed in by the Wilderness to prevent detection by the enemy, cast off and slowly steamed to within 300 yards of the beach. After fuses and fires had been lit and a second anchor with short scope let go to assure the boat's tailing inshore, the crew boarded the Wilderness and proceeded a distance of 12 miles from shore. Less than 2 hours later the explosion took place, and the following day fires were observed still burning at the forts.

SULLIVAN, JOHN

Rank and organization: Seaman, U.S. Navy. Born: 1839, New York, N.Y. Accredited to: New York. G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864.

Citation... Served as seaman on board the U.S.S. Monticello during the reconnaissance of the harbor and water defenses of Wilmington, N.C. 23 to 25 June 1864. Taking part in a reconnaissance of enemy defenses which covered a period of 2 days and nights, Sullivan courageously carried out his duties during this action, which resulted in the capture of a mail carrier and mail, the cutting of a telegraph wire, and the capture of a large group of prisoners. Although in immediate danger from the enemy at all times, Sullivan showed gallantry and coolness throughout this action which resulted in the gaining of much vital information of the rebel defenses.

SULLIVAN, TIMOTHY

Rank and organization: Coxswain, U.S. Navy. Born: 1835, Ireland. Accredited to: New York. G.O. No.: 11, 3 April 1863.

Citation... Served on board the U.S.S. Louisville during various actions of that vessel. During the engagements of the Louisville, Sullivan served as first captain of a 9_inch gun and throughout his period of service was "especially commended for his attention to duty, bravery, and coolness in action."

SUMMERS, JAMES C.

Rank and organization: Private, Company H, 4th West Virginia Infantry. Place and date: At Vicksburg, Miss., 22 May 1 863. Entered service at: Kanawha County, W. Va. Born: 14 February 1838, Kanawha County, W. Va. Date of issue: 25 February 1895.

Citation... Gallantry in charge of the "volunteer storming party."

SUMMERS, ROBERT

Rank and organization. Chief Quartermaster, U.S. Navy. Born: 1838, Prussia. Accredited to: New York. G.O. No.: 59, 22 June 1865.

Citation... Summers served on board the U.S.S. Ticonderoga in the attacks on Fort Fisher, 13 to 15 January 1865. The ship took position in the line of battle and maintained a well_directed fire upon the batteries to the left of the palisades during the initial phase of the engagement. Although several of the enemy's shots fell over and around the vessel, the Ticonderoga fought her guns gallantly throughout 3 consecutive days of battle until the flag was planted on one of the strongest fortifications possessed by the rebels.

SURLES, WILLIAM H.

Rank and organization: Private, Company G, 2d Ohio Infantry. Place and date: At Perryville, Ky., 8 October 1862. Entered service at: Steubenville, Ohio. Born: 24 February 1845, Steubenville, Ohio. Date of issue: 19 August 1891.

Citation... In the hottest part of the fire he stepped in front of his colonel to shield him from the enemy's fire.

SWAN, CHARLES A.

Rank and organization: Private, Company K, 4th lowa Cavalry. Place and date. At Selma, Ala., 2 April 1865. Entered service at: Mt. Pleasant, lowa. Born: 29 May 1838, Green County, Pa. Date of issue: 17 June 1865.

Citation... Capture of flag (supposed to be 11th Mississippi, C.S.A., and bearer.

SWANSON, JOHN

Rank and organization: Seaman, U.S. Navy. Born: 1842, Sweden. Accredited to: Massachusetts. G.O. No.: 59, 22 June 1865.

Citation... On board the U.S.S. Santiago de Cuba during the assault on Fort Fisher on 15 January 1865. As one of a boat crew detailed to one of the generals on shore, Swanson bravely entered the fort in the assault and accompanied his party in carrying dispatches at the height of the battle. He was 1 of 6 men who entered the fort in the assault from the fleet.

SWAP, JACOB E.

Rank and organization: Private, Company H, 83d Pennsylvania Infantry. Place and date: At Wilderness, Va., 5 May 1864. Entered service at: Springs, Pa. Birth: Calnehoose, N.Y. Date of issue: 19 November 1897.

Citation... Although assigned to other duty, he voluntarily joined his regiment in a charge and fought with it until severely wounded.

SWATTON, EDWARD

Rank and organization: Seaman, U.S. Navy. Born: 1836, New York, N.Y. Accredited to: New York. G.O. No.: 59, 22 June 1865.

Citation... On board the U.S.S. Santiago de Cuba during the assault on Fort Fisher on 15 January 1865. As one of a boat crew detailed to one of the generals on shore, Swatton bravely entered the fort in the assault and accompanied his party in carrying dispatches at the height of the battle. He was 1 of 6 men who entered the fort in the assault from the fleet.

SWAYNE, WAGER

Rank and organization: Lieutenant Colonel, 43d Ohio Infantry. Place and date: At Corinth, Miss., 4 October 1862. Entered service at: Columbus, Ohio. Born: 10 November 1834, Columbus, Ohio. Date of issue: 19 August 1893.

Citation... Conspicuous gallantry in restoring order at a critical moment and leading his regiment in a charge.

SWEARER, BENJAMIN

Rank and organization: Seaman, U.S. Navy. Born: 1825, Baltimore, Md. Accredited to: Maryland. G.O. No.: 11, 3 April 1863.

Citation... Embarked in a surfboat from the U.S.S. Pawnee during action against Fort Clark, off Baltimore Inlet, 29 August 1861. Taking part in a mission to land troops and to remain inshore and provide protection, Swearer rendered gallant service throughout the action and had the honor of being the first man to raise the flag on the captured fort.

SWEATT, JOSEPH S. G.

Rank and organization: Private, Company C, 6th Massachusetts Infantry. Place and date: At Carrsville, Va., 15 May 1863. Entered service at: Lowell, Mass. Born: 23 October 1843, Boscawen, N.H. Date of issue: 22 March 1892.

Citation... When ordered to retreat this soldier turned and rushed back to the front, in the face of heavy fire of the enemy, in an endeavor to rescue his wounded comrades, remaining by them until overpowered and taken prisoner.

SWEENEY, JAMES

Rank and organization: Private, Company A, 1st Vermont Cavalry. Place and date: At Cedar Creek, Va., 19 October 1864. Entered service at: Essex, Vt. Birth: England. Date of issue: 26 October 1864.

Citation... With one companion captured the State flag of a North Carolina regiment, together with 3 officers and an ambulance with its mules and driver.

SWEGHEIMER, JACOB

Rank and organization: Private, Company I, 54th Ohio Infantry. Place and date: At Vicksburg, Miss., 22 May 1863. Entered service at: ------. Birth: Germany. Date of issue: 14 July 1894.

Citation... Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party."

SWIFT, FREDERIC W.

Rank and organization: Lieutenant Colonel, 17th Michigan Infantry. Place and date: At Lenoire Station, Tenn., 16 November 1863. Entered service at: Michigan. Born: 30 January 1831, Mansfield Center, Conn. Date of issue: 15 February 1897.

Citation... Gallantly seized the colors and rallied the regiment after 3 color bearers had been shot and the regiment, having become demoralized, was in imminent danger of capture.

SWIFT, HARLAN J.

Rank and organization: Second Lieutenant, Company H, 2d Mew York Militia Regiment. Place and date: At Petersburg, Va., 30 July 1864. Entered service at: New York. Birth: New Hudson, N.Y. Date of issue: 20 July 1897.

Citation... Having advanced with his regiment and captured the enemy's line, saw 4 of the enemy retiring toward their second line of works. He advanced upon them alone, compelled their surrender and regained his regiment with the 4 prisoners.

SYPE, PETER

Rank and organization: Private, Company B, 47th Ohio Infantry. Place and date: At Vicksburg, Miss., 3 May 1863. Entered service at: Adrian, Mich. Born: 11 October 1841, Monroe County, Mich. Date of issue: 12 September 1911. Citation. Was one of a party that volunteered and attempted to run the enemy's batteries with a steam tug and 2 barges loaded with subsistence stores.

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