National Defense Strategy Key To Force Restructuring
by Terri Moon Cronk, DOD News
August 20, 2020
As the Defense Department looked at restructuring its forces in
Europe, officials had to decide how a restructure would deal with
today's threats as defined in the National Defense Strategy, the
vice chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff told the Hudson Institute
on August 12, 2020.
Air Force Gen. John E. Hyten said the NDS
— which focuses on force lethality, increasing partners and allies,
and reforming DOD — is a strategy "based on a threat."
Air Force Gen. John E. Hyten, vice chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, meets leaders of the 15th and 154th wings, at Joint Base Pearl Harbor-Hickam, Hawaii on March 7, 2020. Hyten visited the base as part of a USO tour to interact with service members and learn about the critical mission sets they carry out. (U.S. Air Force photo by Senior Airman John Linzmeier)
When DOD looked at Europe, it had a series of priorities, he
Whatever we do in Europe should improve our deterrent
DOD must better engage with its allies
across the European continent.
DOD needs to improve its partnership
DOD must make sure its armed forces are
ready and it could give more flexible options for deploying the
DOD must ensure it is true to its
commitment to its service members and their families that are
deployed in Europe.
"We are moving [some] forces back to the United States so we can
improve readiness, and then deploy them back into Europe on a
rotational basis and some other places in Europe to allow us to
better be postured for the threat," the vice chairman said.br>
"You'll see Poland be a more active partner, you'll see Romania be a
more active partner, [and] you'll see the Black Sea area more active
because that's where we improve our deterrence versus Russia, which
was [Defense Secretary Dr. Mark T. Esper's] No. 1 priority," Hyten
After the military is done with the restructure, the
largest number of forces will still be in Germany, he said, calling
Germany "a critical ally."
The secretary asked DOD to build a
new joint warfighting concept and to have the first defined by the
end of this year, Hyten said.
TThe secretary also said to
integrate the Army's focus on multi-domain operation, the Air
Force's focus on multi-domain command and control, and the Navy's
focus on fleet operations, the vice chairman said. "As we've looked
at each of those, we started to build a joint warfighting concept,"
"But it's really combined in … all the main
command and control, because we have to be able to do it with our
allies and partners too," he said.br>
"Because if we figured out how to do
it in the United States, … since we do everything as a coalition,
when we bring a coalition together, they have to understand how to
fit in because we have to draw a line for them."
If DOD and
its allies can do all of that together, the general said, it creates
a huge advantage for the future joint combined force, and it will
create huge challenges for competitors around the world to try to
figure out how to deal with it. Hyten said that's the path DOD has
been going down for a while, and it's starting to actually mature
and come to fruition now. "It's pretty exciting to see," he said.
Allies and partners are probably DOD's biggest advantage in the
world today, "and will be as far as I can see in the future," the
vice chairman said.
"[We] want to make sure that when our
allies come with us — whether they come with us in the air at sea on
the land — that they have capabilities to allow them to interoperate
with the tactical units they're falling in with."
and control relationship is going to be "critically important to
build as we go forward," Hyten said.
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