Revolutionizing AEGIS Combat System Training
Courtesy of Naval Surface Warfare Center
October 6, 2019
The Combined Integrated Air and Missile Defense (IAMD) and Anti-Submarine Warfare (ASW) Trainer – known as CIAT – opened its doors for training and hosted an open house for numerous commands and ships on July 12, 2019.
The new Naval Station Norfolk based CIAT – managed and operated by the Center for Surface Combat Systems (CSCS) – features a technical approach that originated during the early stages of combat system virtualization and technology exploration by Naval Surface Warfare Center (NSWC) divisions in Dahlgren, VA, and Carderock, MD.
“This virtualization effort offered flexibility along with maximum capability by deploying multiple weapons system baselines in a single commercial off-the-shelf equipment configuration,” said Jonathan Higgins, Naval Surface Warfare Center Dahlgren Division CIAT senior systems engineer. “The CIAT engineering teams of NSWC Dahlgren and NSWC Carderock leveraged and enhanced prior Navy simulation and visualization investments to provide full-scale combat systems operations with significantly improved fidelity to immerse watchstanders into a realistic training environment.”
NSWC Dahlgren Division is the lead integrator and the IAMD developer for CIAT. NSWC Carderock Division is the ASW developer and Naval Undersea Warfare Center Newport Division is the ASW components developer. The three divisions delivered CIAT to the Fleet shore based facilities in 2018 as the most capable combat systems trainer ever developed for the Navy surface force.
What makes CIAT revolutionary compared to other shipboard training is its ability to replay decisions made during a scenario in a full screen debrief. Current shipboard training evaluations can feel subjective in nature – sometimes Sailors are left wondering what actually happened or what went wrong.
“The Navy as a whole has benefited from the engineering efforts and advancements, as other programs are now able to leverage and extend the virtualization and simulation improvements pioneered through CIAT,” said Higgins.
“The Navy’s acquisition program offices and warfare centers are developing and delivering phenomenal capabilities to our warships,” added Capt. Dave Stoner, CSCS commanding officer. “This trainer represents the best multi-warfare training anywhere. It is better than the systems we have on the ship. I wish I had this capability while I was in command of a warship.”
June 11, 2019 - Sailors train on consoles in a simulated combat information center at the Center for Surface Combat Systems’ (CSCS) Combined Integrated Air and Missile Defense (IAMD) / Anti-Submarine Warfare (ASW) Trainer (CIAT), onboard Naval Base Norfolk. CSCS’ main mission is to develop and deliver surface ship combat systems training to the fleet and achieve surface warfare superiority. (U.S. Navy photo by Mass Communication Specialist 2nd Class Sonja Wickard)
CIAT allows training for operators of the Aegis Combat System including AN/SQQ-89A(V)15 using combinations of virtualized tactical code, emulations, and high fidelity simulations to create realistic ship-like conditions at Naval bases from San Diego, Calif., to Norfolk and Dahlgren in Virginia. CIAT includes an in-depth integrated debrief capability for individual and team analysis by recording simulation of scenario ground truth, instructor and watch stander console displays and audio for after-action reporting in support of student and instructor analysis. CSCS officially brought the west coast CIAT facility online at CSCS Detachment San Diego aboard Naval Base San Diego in December 2018. Since then, CSCS trained crewmembers aboard ships to include the USS Rafael Peralta (DDG 115), USS Pinckney (DDG 91), USS Bunker Hill (CG 52), USS John Finn (DDG 113), USS Princeton (CG 59) and USS Shoup (DDG 86).
“Opening a new CIAT facility in Norfolk expands the Navy’s ability to train the surface fleet on complex air, surface, undersea, and ballistic missile threats we could face anywhere in the world today,” said Capt. Sam Pennington, PMS 339 program manager. “This state-of-the-art, high fidelity, trainer provides the ability for combat systems watchteams to build proficiency and validate combat effectiveness. CIAT provides an immersive experience that provides each watchteam the same visual and audio indications they would expect to experience if operating their own systems aboard their ship in a deployed environment.”
Moreover, Warfare Tactics Instructors from the Naval Surface and Mine Warfighting Development Center have been utilizing the facility to test and refine new tactics.
“In the CIAT, we can tie together all console and headset communications against the scenario ground truth to show each team the cause and effect of every decision,” explained Mike Kroner, CSCS technical support deputy. “It is unlike anything we have seen in surface navy training.”
Currently, PCU Delbert Black (DDG 119) Sailors are in training as the first ship and crew to train at the new CIAT.
“The CIAT will revolutionize how we train our ships and Sailors,” said Lt. Cmdr. Brian Blankenship, CSCS Detachment Norfolk officer in charge. “With its combined set of high-fidelity simulation tools, integrated debrief capability, and realistic training environment, this trainer will have a profound effect on combat readiness by providing better trained, better qualified Sailors to the fight against the evolving threats.”
As the CSCS resource sponsor, Surface Warfare Directorate (OPNAV N96) provided the funding for CIAT. The team executing delivery included the Surface Training Systems Program Office (PMS 339), NSWC Dahlgren Division, NSWC Carderock Division, Naval Undersea Warfare Center, and industry partners.
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